Subject Title                           :           Non Conventional Energy Engineering
Subject Code                         :           M-
Hours Per Week                    :           04
Hours Per Semester              :           64




Major Topics

Weightage of Marks



Introduction to Non Conventional Energy Sources

Solar Energy Engineering
Wind  Energy  Engineering


Ocean Energy Engineering
Geothermal Energy Engineering
Bio based Energy Engineering


Direct Energy Conversion Systems
Energy Storage
 Environmental  concerns and Industry Innovations
Test and Revision


Objectives :
On completion of the course the students should be able to:
1. Understand the energy demand & supply conditions & appreciate the importance of non-conventional
    energy sources.
2.  Understand Solar energy, its features & its applications.
3.  Understand Wind energy, its mechanisms & applications.
4.  Understand Bio based energy sources like bio mass & bio gas & their applications.
5.  Understand the Ocean thermal & Tidal energy, their features, mechanisms & applications.
6.  Understand the Geothermal & hydro thermal energy, its mechanism & applications.
7.  Understand the concepts of Direct Energy Conversion systems & their applications.
8.  Understand the  concepts of  Energy Storage & applications.

1.0           Introduction to Non-Convetional Energy Sources
1.1        Energy consumption
1.2        Energy Sources & their Availability
1.3        Importance of  Non Conventional Energy sources.

2.0           Solar Energy  Engineering
2.1        Introduction
2.2        Solar Constant
2.3        Solar Radiation at the Earth’s surface
2.4        Solar Radiation Measurements
2.5        Solar Energy Collectors
2.5.1        Principles of Conversion of Solar Radiation into heat
2.5.2        Flat Plate Collectors – Types, Applications & Advantages
2.5.3        Concentrating  Collectors – Focusing & non-focusing types
2.5.4        Advantages & Disadvantages of concentrating collectors over flat plate collectors.
2.6        Applications of Solar Energy  - Water Heating, Air Heater, Solar Cooker, Solar Pond, Solar Photovoltaics and Solar Distillation.

3.0       Wind Energy Engineering
            3.1       Introduction
            3.2       Basic  Principles of  Wind energy conversion
                        3.2.1 The nature of wind
                        3.2.2  The power in the wind  ( No derivations )
                        3.2.3  Forces on the Blades  ( No derivations  )
            3.3       Site Selection considerations
            3.4       Basic components of a wind energy conversion system (WECS)
            3.5       Wind energy collectors  (Wind mill )
                        3.5.1  Horizontal Axis Machines
                        3.5.2  Vertical Axis Machines
            3.6       Advantages & Limitations of WECS.
4.0       Ocean  Energy  Engineering
            4.1       Introduction
            4.2       Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
                        4.2.1 Introduction to OTEC
                        4.2.2  Methods of  OTEC
                        4.2.3  Site Selection for OTEC
                        4.2.4  Prospects of  OTEC in India.
            4.3        Tidal Energy
                        4.3.1  Introduction
                        4.3.2  Basic Principles of Tidal Power
                        4.3.3  Components of Tidal Power Plants
                        4.3.4  Schematic Layout of Tidal Power house
                        4.3.5  Advantages & Limitations of Tidal power
                        4.3.6  Prospects of Tidal Energy in India.

5.0       Geothermal  Energy Engineering
            5.1  Introduction
            5.2  Nature of  Geothermal fields
            5.3  Geothermal Sources
            5.4   Hydro thermal Sources

                        5.4.1   Vapor dominated systems
                        5.4.2   Liquid dominated systems
           5.5   Prime movers for geothermal energy conversion
6.0       Bio Energy Engineering
            6.1       Introduction
            6.2       Biomass conversion techniques
            6.3       Biogas Generation.
            6.4       Factors affecting biogas Generation
            6.5       Types of biogas plants
            6.6       Advantages and disadvantages of types of biogas plants

7.0       Direct  Energy Conversion Systems
            7.1       Thermo - Electric power
                        7.1.1  Basic Principles
                        7.1.2  Thermo electric power generator
                        7.1.3  Thermo Electric materials & selection of materials.
            7.2       Thermionic  Generation
                        7.2.1  Introduction
                        7.2.2  Thermionic emission & work function
                        7.2.3  Basic Thermionic generator.
            7.3       Chemical Energy Sources
                        7.3.1  Introduction
                        7.3.2  Fuel cells – Principles of operation, classification & Types
                        7.3.3  Applications of fuel cells
            7.4       Hydrogen Energy
                        7.4.1 Introduction
                        7.4.2 Principles of operation
                        7.4.3 Applications
8.0       Energy Storage
            8.1       Introduction.
            8.2       Energy Storage systems
            8.3       Mechanical Energy storage
8.3.1  Pumped Hydroelectric storage
8.3.2 Compressed Air storage
            8.4      Electrical Storage
                        8.4.1  Lead Acid Battery
            8.5       Chemical Storage
                        8.5.1 Energy storage via hydrogen
                        8.5.2 Ammonia
                        8.5.3 Electromagnetic energy storage

1.0           Introduction to Non conventional energy sources
1.1        Introduction
1.2        Explain the primary and secondary energy sources , their availability and world energy scenario
1.3        Mention the types of energy sources  - conventional and non- conventional energy sources.
1.4        Discuss the importance of non-conventional sources.

2.0           Solar Energy  Engineering
2.1         Introduction
2.2        Explain clearly the solar constant .
2.3        Know the amount of solar radiation available at earths surface
2.4         Discuss beam and difussed radiation
2.5        Know about Solar Radiation Measurements
2.6        Explain  Pyrhelometers and Pyranometers
2.7        Define solar collector and types of collectors
2.8        Explain the physical principles of conversion of solar radiation into heat.
2.9        Explain  with sketch a typical falt plate liquid collector and a typical solar air heater or air collector.
2.10    Mention the applications  and advantages of flat plate collectors
2.11    Explain  parabolic focussing collector and non-focussing collector (flat plate collector augmented with mirrors )
2.12     State the advantages and disadvantages of concentrating collectors over flat plate collectors
2.13    Explain with sketch solar water heater, air heater, solar cooker , solar pond & solar distillation.
2.14    Explain the principle of solar electric power generation. ( solar photo-voltaic)
2.15     Explain selective coatings used in solar collectors.

3.0       Wind Energy Engineering
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Know about the nature of wind and its characteristics
3.3      Know  briefly about the power & forces on the blades ( No derivations )
3.4      Discuss the conversion of wind energy
3.5      Discuss the considerations to be made while selecting the site
3.6     Explain the basic components of Wind energy conversion system (WECS)
3.7      Explain horizontal and vertical axis wind mills
3.8      Discuss the application of wind energy

4.0       Ocean  Energy  Engineering
            4.1       Introduction
            4.2       Discuss the ocean sources of energy
            4.3       Explain the two methods of ocean thermal electric conversion (OTEC) --  open cycle OTEC
                        and closed cycle OTEC.
            4.4       Discuss the site selection for OTEC.
            4.5       Discuss the prospects of OTEC in India
4.6       Explain the basic principles of tidal power
4.7       Explain the components of Tidal power plant
4.8       Give the schematic diagram of tidal power plant
4.9       Mention the advantages  and dis-advantages of tidal power
4.10     Discuss the prospects of tidal power in India

5.0       Geothermal  Energy Engineering
            5.1       Give a brief introduction about geothermal energy
            5.2       Discuss the nature of geothermal fields
            5.3       Explain the five categories of geothermal sources.
            5.4       Explain hydrothermal resources -- Vapour dominated systems and liquid dominated systems.
            5.5       Mention the prime movers for geothermal energy conversion.

6.0       Bio Energy Engineering
            6.1       Give a brief introduction about  bio energy engineering.
            6.2       Explain clearly the terms Biomass and Biogas
6.3              Discuss the various biomass conversion processes (Technologies) like thermochemical conversions, fermentation & anaerobic digestion
6.4              Know the composition of Biogas
6.5              Discuss biogas processes such as Digestion
6.6              Know the factors affecting biogas generation
6.7              Explain the types of biogas plants -- common circular digestet with floating drum and fixed dome digester
6.8              Mention the advantages and disadvantages of biogas plants

7.0       Direct  Energy Conversion Systems
            7.1       Introduction to Direct energy conversion system.
            7.2       Explain the Seebeck effect -- principle of thermocouple.
            7.3       Explain Joule effect, Peltier effect and Thomson effect
            7.4       Explain thermoelectric power generators -
            7.5       Discuss the thermoelectric materials.
            7.6       Discuss thermionic emission and work function
            7.7       Explain basic thermionic generator with sketch
            7.8       Explain the principle of operation of fuel cell
            7.9       Discuss the types of fuel cell
            7.10     Mention the application of fuel cells
            7.11     Briefly Explain the principle of hydrogen production
            7.12     List the applications of hydrogen energy

8.0       Energy Storage
            8.1       Know about the energy storage concepts and devices available .
            8.2       Mention the categories of energy storage systems.
            8.3       Explain pumped hydro-electric energy storage system.
8.4       Explain compressed air storage
8.5       Explain Lead -acid battery
8.6       Explain Chemical energy storage via Hydrogen.
1)      Non Conventional Energy  Sources – G D Rai, Khanna Publishers
2)      Non Conventional Energy Resources  - B H Khan,  2nd Edition, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publications
3)      Renewable Energy Sources & Emerging Technologies –
D P Kothari,   K  C  Singal  &  Rakesh Ranjan , Prentice Hall India Publications.
4) Energy opportunities and social responsibility by Satyesh C. Chakraborty  Jaico publications

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