CIVIL DIPLOMA 3RD SEMESTER CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY



CIVIL DIPLOMA 3RD SEMESTER  CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Government of Karnataka Department of Technical Education

Board of Technical Examinations, Bengaluru

 


Course Title: CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Credits (L:T:P) : 4:0:0

Total Contact Hours: 52

Course Code: 15CE34T

Type of Course:

Lectures, Self Study & Student Activity

 

Credit :04

 

Core/ Elective: Core

CIE- 25 Marks                                                                                                                            SEE- 100 Marks

Prerequisites: Knowledge of science, Materials of Construction.

 

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

 

1.           Understanding properties of soil, to know about concepts of load distribution and different types of foundation construction techniques.

2.           Necessity, functions, suitability of building components and materials, construction techniques as per IS codes.

3.           Exposure to dimensional aspects of openings, maintenance and repair works of building components and introduces preventive measures to be adopted in buildings located in areas prone to earth quake.

On successful completion of this course, the student will be able to

Course Outcome

CL

Linked PO

Teaching Hrs

 

CO1

Identify the types of soils, to know the properties, strength of soils, to suggest suitable type of foundations and to overcome the difficulties

during excavation.

 

R/U/Ap

 

1,2,3,4,5,7,8

,10

 

11

 

CO2

Describe the concepts of masonry buildings and to know the defects in their construction process and maintenance methods.

 

U/Ap

 

1,2,5,6,7,10

 

10

CO3

Plan the various types of openings and building components.

R/U/Ap

1,2,5,10

06

CO4

Explain the different types of staircases, Roofs and Floors.

R/U/Ap

1,2,5,10

12

 

CO5

Illustrate the necessity of temporary works and finishes in building construction considering the safety aspects.

 

U/Ap

 

1,2,5,6,7,10

 

07

 

CO6

Analyze the failure of building  components, apply the concepts of maintenance and repair works to fight with extreme weather conditions and focus on the earthquake resistant buildings.

 

R/U/Ap

 

1,2,4,5,6,7,8

,10

 

06

 

CO7

Manage the suggested or identified constructional engineering problems, formulate and solve in teams, in order to improve future problem solving ability and able to present it.

 

R/U/Ap/ C

 

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,

8,9,10

 

*

Total sessions

52


Legend- R; Remember  U: Understand    Ap: Application     Ay: Analysis                                                         C:Creation E: Evaluation

* Related to Student activity beyond classroom hours.

 

Programme outcome Attainment Matrix

 

 

 

 

 

Course

Programme Outcome

PO1

PO2

PO3

PO4

PO5

PO6

PO7

PO8

PO9

PO10

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Construction technology

3

3

1

2

3

3

3

2

-

3

 



Level 3- Highly Addressed, Level 2-Moderately Addressed, Level 1-Low Addressed.

Method is to relate the level of PO with the number of hours devoted to the COs which address the given PO. If >40% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is addressed at Level 3

If 25 to 40% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is addressed at Level 2 If 5 to 25% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is addressed at Level 1

If < 5% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is considered not-addressed.



DETAILED COURSE CONTENTS

Course

COURSE CONTENTS

 

HOURS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

1. Soils and its Properties



1. Types of soils and their suitability to construction of the structures.

2. Bearing Capacity and determination of safe bearing capacity of the soils by plate load test.

3. Method of improving the safe bearing capacity.

4. SBC Values for various types of Soils.

 

2. Foundations




1. Definition and purpose of Foundation.

2. Shallow foundations: Spread footing, combined footing, Strap footings & Raft foundation.

3. Deep foundation: Pile foundations-End bearing piles, friction piles, Foundation in Black Cotton Soil.

4. Causes for failure of foundation and preventive measures.

5. Necessity of shoring and strutting in foundation excavation

 

and process of dewatering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

3. Stone & Brick masonry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10



1. Terms used in stone masonry and brick masonry

2. Coursed rubble masonry and Ashlar masonry.

3. Stone Cladding works for facing of walls.

4. List Bonds used in Brick masonry, Study of English bond & Flemish bond and their uses.

5. Construction of cavity walls.

6. Partition walls-bricks, Concrete block, Glass, Plywood, hard board and aluminium.

 

4. Dampness and Prevention of dampness



1. Definition and causes of dampness

2. Effects of dampness and prevention of dampness

3. List the materials used for damp proof course.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

5. Lintels & Arches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06



1. Necessity of lintels and arches, sunshades, sun

breakers and canopy, portico.

2. RCC lintels, sun shades, sun breakers, plinth beams and grade beams.

3. Arch-Terms used, Types of arches-Flat, Segmental, and Semi-circular only.

 

6. Doors and Windows



1. Definition of doors, windows and ventilator and their

purpose

2. Standard size of doors, windows & ventilators for different types of building as per I.S codes.

3. Important types of doors, windows and ventilators in general use.

4. Fixtures for doors, windows and ventilators.

 

 

4

 

Stairs

 

 

12



1. Technical terms

2. Requirements of a good stair.

3. Classification of stairs, brief description & their suitability.

 

4. Uses of Ramps, Escalators and lifts.

 

8.Floors

 

1.           Definitions and types of floors.

2.           Selection of flooring material

3.           Laying of Ceramic tile flooring, Vitrified flooring, Marble flooring, Wooden flooring, Vinyl flooring and Cement concrete floorings.

9.  Roof

 

1.           Definition of roof and common types of roofs used in general.

2.           Pitched roof- basic elements.

3.           Steel trusses.

4.           Common types of Roofing materials.

5.           Flat RCC roof-advantages and disadvantages.

6.           Weather proof course for flat roofs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

10. Scaffolding and Shoring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

07

1.     Scaffolding-component parts of scaffolding, Types of

scaffolding and props.

2.     Use of Steel tube scaffolding

3.     Types of shoring-Raking, Flying & Dead shores.

 

11.   Plastering, Pointing and Painting

 

1.           Object of plastering and requirements of good plaster.

2.           Method of cement plastering

3.           Types of plaster finishes-Smooth, sand faced, rough cast, pebble dash, depter, scrapped, textured finish.

4.           Method of pointing & types of pointing.

5.           Methods of painting, distempering & varnishing on different surfaces.

 

 

 

 

6

 

12. Ventilation systems

 

 

 

 

06



1. Definition, Necessity & requirements of ventilation

system

2. Types of ventilation



13. Earthquake Resistant Buildings



1. List Earthquake zones in India.

2. Precautionary measures to be taken for buildings prone to


 



earth quake.

14. Miscellaneous

1. Water proofing, structural glazing, bamboo as a construction material, precast composed panel, anti- termite treatment.

 



SUGGESTED STUDENT ACTIVITIES



The topic should be related to the course in order to enhance his knowledge, practical skill &

and lifelong learning, communication, modern tool usage.

1. Collect different types of soil samples and to identify the properties.

2. Study the load distribution from structural components to soil and prepare a report.

3. Collect and study different photographs of various foundations and prepare a report.

4. Prepare a case study on foundation failure.

5. Identify different types of masonry materials and study their properties

6. Collect and study different photographs of stairs and arches.

7. Collect different types of flooring materials and prepare a report.

8. Collect and study the different types of Damp Proofing materials and prepare a report.

9. To prepare models of various types of foundations.

10. To prepare models of different types of masonry arrangements.

11. To prepare models of different types of scaffolding.

12. To prepare models of different types of roofs trusses.

13. Prepare a chart of Earth quake zones of India.

14. Understand the classification of earth quake zones of India.

15. Plan suitable schedule of openings for building works.

16. Plan a Weather proofing work for a flat roof.

17. Visit any nearby material testing laboratory and prepare a report on various tests conducted on building materials.

18. Write a report on advanced construction techniques used in civil engineering.

19. Prepare a report on prefabricated construction.

20. Watch a video on anti-termite treatment and prepare a presentation on anti- termite treatment.

21. Visit any nearby construction site and write a report on various construction activities.

22. Prepare a report on the use of modern construction equipment’s in construction.

23. Studies on the strength of stabilised mud block masonry and burnt brick masonry using cement soil quarry dust mortar

24. Comparison of risk assessments for underground construction projects

25. Study of copper tailing as a plastering material

26. A study on preparation of bricks using copper tailing waste

27. Report of sandwiched panel elements as a partitioning wall material

28. Load bearing capacity of unreinforced brick masonry vault

29. Enhancement of characteristic strength and durability of brick masonry

30. Report of brick and brick masonry strength for your district.

31. Size effect of masonry joint on compressive strength of stabilised mud blocks


32. Case report on building cracks and causes and its prevention

33. Some studies on the use of strength booster low cost additives in burnt brick manufacture

34. Experimental investigation on brick masonry domes

35. Stabilised copper tailing blocks

36. Low cost roofing tiles

37. Some studies on the strength behaviour of fly ash bricks

38. Report and manufacture of masonry blocks different machines with different materials

39. Size effect of masonry joint on compressive strength of stabilised mud blocks

40. Liqueconss floors and roofs

41. Strength analysis of cement stabilised soil blocks a case report

42. Low cost bricks making

43. Appropriate technology to manufacture common building burnt brick

44. Behaviour of masonry wall subjected to dynamic load

45. Development of b.c soil stabilised building blocks using lime and fly ash

46. A laboratory report on the utilisation of red mud in pavements and as building material

47. Fly ash mosaic flooring tiles

48. Analysis of hyperbolic paraboloid shell foundation

49. Characteristic report of BC soil of village

50. Flexural behaviour of gfrp wrapped masonry beams

51. Fly ash bricks

52. Bioclimatic building design in three climate zones in state

53. Earthquake resistant wooden house Design procedure for pile caps

54. Control Of Corrosion On Underwater Piles

55. Deep Foundations Case Histories

56. Design of Shallow Foundations

57. Analysis Of Stability Of existing Slopes

58. Development Of BC Soil Stabilised Building Blocks Using Lime And Flyash

59. DIAGRID

60. Soil Nailing



NOTE

1. Students should select any one of the above or other topics relevant to the subject approved by the concerned faculty, individually or in a group of 3 to 5. Students should mandatorily submit a written report and make a presentation on the topic. The task should not be repeated among students. Report will be evaluated by the faculty as per rubrics. Weightage for 5 marks Internal Assessment shall be as follows:

Unsatisfactory 1, Developing 2, Satisfactory 3, Good 4, Exemplary 5

2. Reports should be made available along with bluebooks to IA verification officer.

 

 

 

Dimension

Students score

(Group of five students)

 

 

 

 

 

Rubric Scale

Unsatisfactory 1, Developing 2, Satisfactory 3, Good 4, Exemplary5

1.Organisation

2

 

 

 

 

2.Fulfill team’s roles

& duties

3

 

 

 

 

3.Conclusion

4

 

 

 

 

4.Convensions

5

 

 

 

 

Total

14

 

 

 

 

Average=(Total /4)

3.5=4

 

 

 

 

Note: Concerned faculty (Course coordinator) must devise appropriate rubrics/criteria for assessing Student activity for 5 marks One activity on any one CO (course outcome) may be given to a group of FIVE students

Note: Dimension should be chosen related to activity and evaluated by the course faculty.

 

Dimension

Rubric Scale

1

Unsatisfactory

2

Developing

3

Satisfactory

4

Good

5

Exemplary

1.Literature

Has not included relevant info

Has included few relevant info

Has included some relevant info

Has included many relevant info

Has included all relevant info needed

2. Fulfill team’s roles & duties

Does not perform any duties assigned

Performs very little duties

Performs partial duties

Performs nearly all duties

Performs all duties of assigned team roles

3.Communication

Poor

Less Effective

Partially effective

Effective

Most Effective

4.Convensions

Frequent Error

More Error

Some Error

Occasional Error

No Error


Course delivery: The course will be delivered through lectures, site visits, models and Power point presentations/ Videos.

Course Assessment and Evaluation Scheme:

 

What

To whom

When/Where (Frequency in the course)

Max Marks

Evidence collected

Course outcomes

 

 

 

 

 

CIE

 

 

IA

 

 

 

Thrice test (Average of           three tests)

Test 1

20

Blue books

CO1, CO2

Test 2

CO3, CO4

Test 3

CO5, CO6

Activities

05

Written

Report

CO7

SEE

End Exam

End of the course

100

Answer scripts     at

BTE

1,2,3,4,5,6

 

Student Feedback        on

course

 

 

 

Middle of the course

 

Feedback forms

1 & 2 Delivery of course

End of Course Survey

End of the course

 

Questionna ires

1,2,3, 4 & 5, 6

Effectiveness of Delivery of instructions & Assessment Methods



*CIE – Continuous Internal Evaluation *SEE – Semester End Examination

Note: I.A. test shall be conducted for 20 marks. Average marks of three tests shall be rounded off to the next higher digit.

Weightage of Marks and blue print of marks for SEE

 

 

Unit

 

 

Major Topics

Questions to be set for SEE

 

 

 

 

A*

 

 

B*

Cognitive Levels

R

U

Ap

1

Soil and its Properties,

Foundation

11

17%

50%

33%

30

21

2

2

5

15

10

2

Stone & Brick masonry, Dampness and its Prevention

10

0%

67%

33%

30

19

2

2

0

20

10

3

Lintels & Arches, Doors and Windows

6

33%

33%

33%

15

12

1

1

5

5

5

4

Stairs , Floors, Roofs

12

14%

71%

14%

35

23

1

3

5

25

5

5

Scaffolding and Shoring, Plastering, Pointing and

Painting

7

0%

75%

25%

20

13

2

1

0

15

5

6

Miscellaneous

6

33%

33%

33%

15

12

1

1

5

5

5

Total

52

14%

59%

28%

145

100

9

10

20

85

40




FORMAT OF I A TEST QUESTION PAPER (CIE)

 
Questions for CIE and SEE will be designed to evaluate the various educational components such as:

Sl.

No

Bloom’s taxonomy

% in Weightage

1

Remembering and Understanding

73

2

Applying the knowledge acquired from the course

28

3

Analysis

0

4

Synthesis ( Creating new knowledge)

0

5

Evaluation

0


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