CIVIL DIPLOMA 4TH SEMESTER MODEL QUESTION PAPER : CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY


CIVIL DIPLOMA 4TH SEMESTER  MODEL QUESTION PAPER : CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY


Test/Date and Time

Semester/year

 

Course/Course Code

Max Marks

Ex: I test/6 th week of sem 10- 11 Am

IV SEM

 

Concrete technology

 

20

Year: 2015-16

 

Course code:15CE43T

Name of Course coordinator : Course outcome :CO1, CO2

Note:   Answer all questions

Question

M

CL

CO

PO

1

Mention the Chemical composition of cement

OR

Mention the different test conducted on cement

 

5

 

R

 

1

1,2,3

,5

2

Differentiate between chemical admixtures and mineral admixtures?

3

U

1

1,2,5

3

Which test should be conducted to determine the expansion of cement? And how?

6

Ap

1

1,2,3

4,5

4

Write the difference between Gel/space ratio and water cement ratio

OR

Differentiate between hydration of cement and heat of hydration

 

6

R/ U

 

2

 

1,2,5



 Textbooks:
1. Neville A.M., Concrete Technology, Standard Publishers Distributors, Delhi.
2. IS: 10262 – 2009 recommended guidelines for Concrete Mix design – BIS Publications
3. Shetty MS, Concrete technology, Chand S and Co.
4. Gambhir B L, Concrete Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
5. Concrete Technology - Theory & Practice - R.S. Varshney
6. Concrete Technology - A.R.Santhakumar
7. Concrete Technology R. S. Varshnay New Chand & Brothers,



Reference I.S. Codes

1. I.S.4031- ( Part 1 to Part 6 ) Indian standard method of physical tests for hydraulic cement, BIS, New Delhi.
I.S.4031 ( Part 1 ) - 1996 Part 1 – Determination of fineness by dry sieving. I.S.4031( Part 2) -1999 Part 2 – Determination of fineness by air permeabilitymethod.
 
I.S.4031( part 3) -1988 ( reaffirmed 2000 ) Part 3– Determination of soundness
I.S.4031(part 4) - 1988 ( reaffirmed 1995 )

Part 4 - Determination of consistency of standard cement paste. I.S.4031 ( part 5 ) – 1988, ( reaffirmed 2000 ) Part 5 - Determination of initial and final setting times
I.S : 4031 ( part 6 ) – 1988, ( reaffirmed 2000 ) Part 6 - Determination of compressive strength of hydraulic cement other than masonry cement
2. I.S : 2386 ( part i to part vi ) – 1963 Indian standard methods of test for aggregate for concrete. BIS, New Delhi.
Part i - Particle size and shape. ( reaffirmed 1997 ) Part ii - Estimation of deleterious materials and organic impurities. ( reaffirmed 2002 )
Part iii - Specific gravity, density, voids, absorption & bulking. ( reaffirmed 1997 ) Part iv - Mechanical properties ( reaffirmed 1997 )
part v - Soundness. ( reaffirmed 1997 ) part vi - Measuring mortar making properties of fine aggregate. ( reaffirmed 2002 )
3. I.S. : 383 – 1970 Indian standard specification for coarse & fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete. B.I.S.., New Delhi.
4. I.S. : 1911 - 1959 ( reaffirmed ) Indian Standard methods of sampling and analysis of concrete), B.I.S.., New Delhi.
5 I.S. : 456 - 2000 Indian standard , plain and reinforced concrete – code of practice. ( fourth revision ), B.I.S.., New Delhi.
6. I.S. : 516 – 1959 Indian standard methods of tests for strength of concrete ( xii reprint December 1987 ), B.I.S.., New Delhi.
7. I.S. : 8112- 1989 Indian standard - 43 grade ordinary portland cement Specification

8. I.S. : 12269 – 1987 ( reaffirmed 1999 ) Indian standard specification for 53 grade O.P.C..

9. I.S. : 9103 – 1999 Indian standard –concrete admixtures specification 10. I.S. : 455- - 1989 ( reaffirmed 1995 ) –Indian standard – Portland slag cementspecification 11. I.S. : 1489 ( part 1) 1991 – Portland – Pozzolana Cement – specification
part 1 fly ash based 12. I.S. : 7861 ( part 1 ) 1975 ( reaffirmed 1997 ) – Indian standard of practice forextreme weather concreting part 1 recommended practice for hot weather concreting
13. I.S.: 7861 ( part 2 ) – 1981 ( reaffirmed 1997 ) – Indian standard of practice For extreme weather concreting part 2 – recommended practice for cold weather concreting
13. I.S. : 8041 – 1990 – Indian standard – rapid hardening Portland Cement specification BIS- New Delhi


14. I.S. : 12330 – 1988 ( reaffirmed 1995 ) – Indian standard specification for sulphate resisting Portland cement
15. I.S : 12600 - 1989 ( reaffirmed 1995 ) - Portland cement, low heat Specification

16. I.S : 10262 – 1982 Indian standard recommended guidelines for concrete mix design
Sp 23 handbook on concrete mixes ( based on Indian standards) 18. I.S. 13311 (part-1 & 2)- 1992 methods of non-destructive testing of concrete.
part-1 ultrasonic pulse velocity, part-2 rebound hammer.

E-Links

http://ict.concrete.org.uk/links.asp http://elearning.vtu.ac.in/16/ENotes/ConcreteTechnology/Unit8-MCN.pdf http://elearning.vtu.ac.in/10CV42.html http://www.theconcreteinstitute.org.za/ http://www.aboutcivil.org/concrete-technology.html http://nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=105102012 http://nptel.ac.in/courses/105102012/1
www.btechguru.com/courses http://www.faadooengineers.com/register.php



  Model Question Paper
 Diploma in Civil Engineering
4th semester
Course title: CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
 Time; 3Hrs. Max.marks: 100 Students can carry IS10262-2009 Assume any missing data suitably
 Part –A
Answer any six each question carries 5 marks
1.Differentiate between Chemical admixtures and Mineral admixtures ? 2.Write the difference between Gel/space ratio and water cement ratio ?
3. Define workability? What are the factors affecting workability? 4.Explain Sulphate Attack & Chloride Attack ?
5. What are the factors affecting design of concrete mix?
6. Write the situation of use the following equipments wheel barrows, transit mixers, chutes, pumps, tower cranes
7. List the various methods of curing of concrete each with examples? 8.Explain Reinforced Cement concrete?
9. List some of the waste/ recycled materials can be used in concrete?


Part –B
Answer seven (Question No. 10 compulsory and any six) each question carries 10 marks
1. Explain Quality of mixing water in concrete? What are the permissible limits of impurities in water as per ISI?
2. Which test should be conducted to determine the expansion of cement ? And how? 3.Write short note on Calcium silicate hydrate and Calcium aluminates hydrates?
4. What is creep and shrinkage of concrete? List the factors affecting creep and shrinkage of concrete?
5. Differentiate between bleeding and segregation. Explain their effects on Concrete
6. Why is concrete mix design necessary? List the design data required for concrete mix design 7.Explain in details a) Hot weather concreting b) Light weight concrete
8. Why is vibrator required in concreting? Discuss the various types of vibrators used in concreting
9. Difference between High strength concrete and high performance concrete?
10. Design Concrete Mix Proportion for M30 grade by IS 10262 - 200


DESIGN STIPULATIONS FOR

PROPORTIONING

TEST DATA FOR MATERIALS

Grade designation : M30

Type of cement : OPC 43 grade confirming to IS 8112

Maximum nominal size of aggregates:20mm

Minimum cement content : 320 kg/m3 Maximum water cement ratio : 0.4 Workability : 100 mm (slump) Exposure condition: Severe

Method of concrete placing : Pumping Degree of supervision : Good

Aggregate type: Crushed angular aggregate Maximum cement content : 400 kg/m3 Chemical admixture type : Superplasticizer

Cement: OPC 43 grade confirming to IS 8112 Specific gravity of cement : 3.15

Chemical admixture : Super plasticiser conforming to IS 9103

Specific gravity of coarse aggregate : 2.74 Fine aggregate : 2.74

Water absorption coarse aggregate : 0.5% Fine aggregate : 1.0 %

Free (surface) moisture Coarse aggregate : Nil (absorbed moisture also nil)

Fine aggregate : Nil

Sieve analysis coarse aggregate : Conforming to Table 2 of IS: 383

Fine aggregate Conforming to Zone I of IS383



MODEL QUESTION PAPER 

Unit 1- Introduction to Concrete and Concrete Ingredients

Cognitive level -Remember

1.     Define concrete.

2.     Mention the Chemical composition,

3.     What are the grades of cement?

4.     Mention the different test conducted on cement

5.     Define fineness,

6.     Define normal consistency,

7.     What are the impurities limits in water as per ISI?

8.     Mention the various test conducted on Fine aggregate

9.     List the various test conducted on Coarse aggregate

10.  What is manufactured sand or robo sand

11.  What are method of storing of aggregate on site for maintaining uniformity of moisture and cleanliness ?

12.  Define Admixtures ?

13.  Mention the different types of admixtures?

14.  Write a note on fly ash

15.  Write a note on blast furnace slag

16.  Write a note on meta-kaolin

17.  Write a note on Silica fume

18.  Write a note on rice husk ash

19.  Write a note plasticizers

20.  Write a note accelerator,

21.  Write a note retarders

22.  Write a note air entraining gents,

23.  Write a note carboxyclic based admixtures.

24.  What are different types of admixture used in concrete?

25.  What are different types of admixture used in concrete?

Cognitive level -Understand

1.     What are the advantages of concrete?

2.     What are the uses of concrete in comparison to other building materials?

3.     Explain the setting time of cement,

4.     Explain the test conducted on normal consistency of cement?

5.     Explain the test conducted on fineness of cement?

6.     Explain the test conducted on setting time of cement?

7.     Explain the test conducted on soundness of cement?

8.     Explain the Storing of cement in the warehouse?

9.     Explain the test conducted on specific gravity of fine aggregate?

10.  Explain the test conducted on density of fine aggregate?

11.  Explain the test conducted on moisture content of fine aggregate?

12.  Explain the test conducted on bulking of fine aggregate?

13.  Explain the test conducted on sieve analysis of fine aggregate?

14.  Explain the test conducted on sieve analysis of Coarse aggregate?

15.  Explain the test conducted on specific gravity of Coarse aggregate?

16.  Explain the test conducted determine flakiness and elongation index of Coarse aggregate?

17.  Explain the crushing tests on Coarse aggregate?

18.  Explain the impact test conducted on Coarse aggregate?

19.  Explain the abrasion tests on Coarse aggregate?

20.  Explain the test conducted on specific gravity of coarse aggregate?

21.  What do you mean by grading of aggregates

22.  Differentiate between Chemical admixtures and Mineral admixtures ?

23.  Mention any one uses and effect of each different types of Chemical admixtures

24.  Mention any one uses and effect of each different types of Mineral admixtures

25.  How does the carboxyclic based admixtures works?

26.  Enlist the physical properties of cement. Explain setting time of cement with neat sketch.

27.  Define fineness modulus of sand. Explain test procedure to calculate the Also state value as per IS standard.

28.  Enlist mechanical properties of coarse aggregate. Explain any two in detail.

29.  What is significance of fineness modulus of sand? Explain test procedure to calculate the F. M.

30.  Explain detailed procedure to determine Aggregate Crushing Value?

31.  Explain in detail effect of air entraining agents on concrete?

32.  Explain the effects of different chemical admixture on fresh concrete.

33.  Explain the advantages in using Pozzuoli admixture in concrete.

34.  Explain in detaileffect of super-plasticizer on concrete?

35.  What do you mean by Pozzuoli admixture? Explain in detail Fly Ash?

36.  Explain Air-entraining Admixture and the effect of Air Entrainment on the Properties of


Concrete.

Cognitive level –Application

1.     How do you arrive at compressive strength of cement?

2.     How do you store cement at site?

3.     What are the effects of long storage of cement and suggest how to overcome it?

4.     What are the features/properties/quality of fine aggregate should look for while preparing concrete?

5.     What are the features/properties/quality of coarse aggregate should look for while preparing concrete?

6.     How size, shape and texture of Coarse aggregate is important in concrete

7.     What are admixtures that can be added to minimize the heat of hydration of cement?

8.     How do you use rice husk ash as a building material?

9.     How do you ensure grading of aggregates at site

10.  Which test should be conducted to determine the expansion of cement ? And how?

11.  List the permissible Limits of impurities in water as per IS code

12.   why use of fly ash and met kaolin in fresh concrete



Unit 2- Behavior of concrete

Cognitive level -Remember

1.What are the Bogue’s compounds, 2.Define Gel/space ratio,

3. Briefly note on Calcium silicate hydrate?

4. Write a short note on Calcium aluminates hydrates,

5. What is the minimum water requirement for hydration of cement? 6.Define Water Cement Ratio

7. Define water cement ratio law?

8. What are the effect of various W/C ratios on the physical structure of hydrated cement? 9.Definition of cube strength of concrete?

10.      Write the Relations between water cement ratio and strength of concrete?

11.      Brief about structure of hydrated cement paste?

12.      Explain transition zone in concrete?

13.      Explain the effect of w/c ratio and gel space ratio on strength of concrete

Cognitive level -Understand

1.     Explain Hydration of cement and heat of hydration

2.     What is the role of Calcium hydroxide in cement ?

3.     Write the difference between Gel/space ratio and water cement ratio

4.     Differentiate between hydration of cement and heat of hydration

5.     Differentiate between Calcium silicate hydrate, Calcium hydroxide & Calcium aluminates hydrates,

6.     How are Calcium silicate hydrate, Calcium hydroxide &Calcium aluminates hydrates formed in concrete?

7.     Write a note on water requirement for hydration of cement?

8.     State the conditions under which the water cement ratio law is valid?

9.     What are the effect of internal moisture on the physical structure of hydrated cement?

10.  What are the effect of various temperature on the physical structure of hydrated cement?

11.  What are the effect of age, and size of specimen on the physical structure of hydrated cement?

12.  Explain the phenomenon of hydration of cement and its effect on Strength of cement.

13.  Explain Heat of Hydration and Water Requirements for Hydration?

14.  Explain how shape and texture of aggregate affected strength of concrete?

15.  Write detail procedure of measuring slump of fresh concrete? Explain different types of slump failure.

16.   Explain how gel/space ratio affecting strength of concrete?


Unit 3- Properties of Concrete

Cognitive level -Remember

1.     What are the properties of Fresh concrete

2.     Define Workability

3.     What are the factors affecting workability

4.     What are the Properties of hardened concrete

5.     What are the factors affecting shrinkage.

6.     Define Creep Explain measurement of creep?

7.     Define Durability ?

8.     Define permeability,

9.     Write a short note on Carbonation,

10.  Mention some of the special coating for Water Proofing of concrete

11.  Mention the different tests conducted on hardened concrete

12.  Define Segregation

13.  Define bleeding

14.  What are the different non-destructive test conducted on concrete.

15.  Define compressive strength of concrete

16.  Define tensile strength of concrete

17.  Define bond strength of concrete

18.  Define modulus of rupture of concrete

19.  What are the values of modulus of elasticity, poisson ratio of concrete

20.  Write the relation between compressive strength and modulus of elasticity

21.  Write a note on aggregate-cement bond strength.

22.  Write the relation between compressive & tensile strength of concrete

23.  Define Shrinkage

24.  What is modulus of elasticity and explain its relation with strength.

25.  Enlist different tests on Hardened Concrete? Explain any one in detail?

26.  Explain characteristic strength, compressive strength and flexural strength on concrete.

27.  Explain creep of concrete and how determine the creep of concrete in laboratory.

28.  What is modulus of elasticity and explain its relation with strength.

29.  Explain Freezing and thawingphenomena of concrete.

30.  Explain in details factors contributing to Cracks in Concrete.

31.  Explain in details the methods for controlling the sulphate attack on Concrete

32.   What you mean by NDT? Explain any one method in detailed

Cognitive level -Understand

1.     Explain the properties of Fresh concrete:

2.     Explain the factors depending upon workability

3.     Explain the test conducted on measurement of workability by slump test

4.     Explain the test conducted on measurement of workability by compaction factor test

5.     Explain the test conducted on measurement of workability by vee-bee test

6.     Explain the test conducted on measurement of workability by flow test

7.     Differentiate between Segregation and bleeding?



8.     Explain the Properties of hardened concrete

9.     Differentiate between plastic shrinkage and drying shrinkage,

10.  What are the factors affecting creep? Explain effect of creep.

11.  What are the factors contributing to cracks in concrete

12.  Write a short note on Alkali – Aggregate Reaction,

13.  Write a short note on Sulphate Attack,

14.  Write a short note on Chloride Attack,

15.  Write a short note on Acid Attack,

16.  What are the effect of Sea Water on concrete,

17.  Explain how to determine compressive strength of concrete

18.  Explain how to determine split tensile strength of concrete

19.  Explain how to determine flexural strength,

20.  Write short note on rebound hammer test

21.  Write short note on Ultrasonic pulse velocity test

22.  What are the factors affecting strength of concrete?

23.  Explain maturity concept?

24.  Explain effect of aggregate properties strength of concrete?

25.  How do you ensure concrete quality Control at site

26.  Differentiate between bleeding and segregation. Explain their effects on Concrete

27.  Explain in detail factors affecting strength of concrete?

28.  Explain in details types of concrete shrinkage?

29.  Explain how to determine dynamic modulus of elasticity and its relation with static modulus of elasticity

30.  Explain effect of w/c ratio on durability and permeability of concrete.

31.  Explain the importance on minimum & maximum cement content on durability?

32.  Explain the techniques of measuring and factors affecting measurement of Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity.

33.  Explain in detail Schmidt’s rebound hammer to test concrete with their limitation (with figure)

34.  Explain the techniques of measuring and factors affecting measurement of Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity.

35.   Explain in detail Schmidt’s rebound hammer to test concrete with their limitation (with figure)

Unit 4- Concrete Mix Design

Cognitive level -Remember

1.   Define Grades of concrete,

2.   Mention the different methods of mix design,

3.   List the design data required for concrete mix design

4.   What are the factors affecting mix proportions

5.   Provide the details of exposure conditions provided in the code

6.   Explain the procedure of mix design as per IS 10262-2009,

7.   What are the factors affecting design of concrete mix?

8.   Enlist varies method of mix design? Write data to be collected for a mix design?

Cognitive level -Understand

1.       Why concrete mix design necessary?

2.       Explain the concept of mix design?

3.       What are the objectives of mix design?

4.       Write a note on adjustment on site for Bulking while preparing concrete?

5.       Explain adjustment on site for water absorption of materials while preparing concrete during rainy season?

6.       Write a note on adjustment on site for Workability while preparing concrete ?

7.       What are methods of compaction of concrete used for making good quality concrete? Explain in brief

8.       Explain different exposure condition as per IS 456 – 2000 provision.

9.       Explain the importance on minimum & maximum cement content on durability?

10.    Explain detail procedure of concrete mix design by IS 10262 - 2009

11.    Explain method of expressing proportions and also what do you mean by acceptances criteria?

Cognitive level : application & analysis

1.  Design concrete mix design for proportioning

m)  Grade designation: M40

n)  Type of cement: OPC 43 grade confirming to IS 8112

o)  Type of mineral admixture: Fly ash confirming to IS 3812 (Part-1)

p)  Maximum nominal size of aggregates: 20 mm

q)  Minimum cement content: 320 kg/m3

r)  Maximum water cement ratio: 0.45

s)  Workability: 100 mm (slump)

t)  Exposure condition: Severe (for reinforced concrete)

u)  Method of concrete placing: Pumping

v)  Degree of supervision: Good

w)  Type of aggregate: Crushed angular aggregate

x)  Maximum cement content: 450 kg/m3

y)  Chemical admixture type:Superplsticizer A-2 TEST DATA FOR MATERIALS

h)  Cement used: OPC 43 grade confirming to IS 8112

i)  Specific gravity of cement: 3.15

z) Fly ash used: Fly ash confirming to IS 3812 (Part-1)

j)  Specific gravity of fly ash: 2.2

k)  Chemical admixture: Super plasticiser conforming to IS 9103

l)  Specific gravity of Coarse aggregate: 2.74 Fine aggregate: 2.74

m)  Water absorption Coarse aggregate: 0.5 percent Fine aggregate: 1.0 percent

n)   Free (surface) moisture coarse aggregate: Nil (absorbed moisture also nil) Fine aggregate: Nil

o)  Sieve analysis coarse aggregate: Conforming to Table 2 of IS: 383 Fine aggregate: Conforming to Zone I of IS: 383



Unit 5- Concrete Operations

Cognitive level -Remember

1.               Explain in details a) Hot weather concreting b) Light weight concrete c)Cold weather concreting d) High Density Concrete

2.               What do you know about Batching ?

3.               Explain different types of Transportation of Concrete

4.               What is Ready-mix concrete-

5.               Explain different Methods of curing?

6.               Mention different types of joints and its location?

Cognitive level -Understand

1. Describe the various methods of mixing of concrete

2.                        Why is vibrator required in concreting? Discuss the various types of vibrators used in concreting

3.                        What are precautions is to be taken during hot and cold weather concreting?

4.                        Differentiate between Hand mixing & Machine mixing ?

5.                        What are the precautions taken before, during and after concreting in concrete mixing machines?

6.                        Write the situation of use the following equipments pans, wheel barrows, transit mixers, chutes, belt conveyors, pumps, tower cranes.

7.                        Explain manufacturing of ready mix concrete

8.                        Explain Finishing concrete slabs-screeding, floating, and trowelling.

9.                        Why curing is necessary?

10.               Why water is used in curing the concrete?

11.               what is the recommended duration for curing of concrete?



Unit 5- Special types of concrete

Cognitive level -Remember

1.       Explain in details a) Polymer concrete b) Fiber reinforced concrete c) Nofines concrete d) Ferrocement

2.       Explain in details a) Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) b) High performance concrete

3.       Explain different types of fiber used in concrete?

4.       What is fiber reinforced concrete, mention any two advantages and its specific application

?

5.       What is polymer concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

6.       What is ferrocement concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

7.       What is Foamed concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

8.       What is pervious concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

9.       What is high density concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

10.   What is self-compacting concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application

?

11.   What is high performance concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

12.   What is pavement quality concrete mention any two advantages and its specific application ?

13.   List some of the waste/ recycled materials can be used in concrete?

Cognitive level -Understand

1.   Compare conventional concrete and self-compacting concrete

2.   Compare conventional conventional concrete & High strength concrete,

3.   Mention advantages of application of waste/ recycled materials in concrete?

4.   Difference between High strength concrete and  high performance concrete?





Some of the suggested activities
1. Flyash – building blocks for the future
2. Flyash -cement stabilized soil blocks
3. Pollution studies in silk industry experimental investigations on replacement of sand by quarry dust in concrete
 
4. Experimental investigation on recycled aggregate concrete
5. To find the influence of the size of the aggregate of the compressive strength of concrete
6. Ferro cement composite with no-fines concrete
7. Lime -fly ash - soil blocks
8. A study on effects of light weight aggregates on compressive and flexural strength of concrete
9. Studies on partial replacement of cement by red mud in motor
10. A study on low cost housing material bricks made up of building waste
11. Experimental investigations on replacement of sand by graded quarry dust in concrete
12. Development of traditional water proofing agents (using natural resins) for economy in construction
13. Compressive strength of stabilised blocks and masonary prisms
14. Preliminary investigations on red soil cement stabilised coconut shell blocks
15. Laboratory study on cement- stabilised iron-ore rejections
16. Variations in strength of concrete and masonary units
17. Crushed stone dust cement blocks
18. Stabilized manganese-ore tailings blocks
19. Mangalore tile waste as coarse aggregate in concrete
20. Effect of blast furnace sl*g on soil-cement stabilization
21. Stabilized haalu mannu blocks
22. Portable low cost ferrocement water tank
23. Flyash concrete door shutters
24. Development of masonry mortar using limestone polished slurry and cement
25. Utilization of man made waste in man-made structures
26. Flyash laterite bricks
27. Properties and suitability of fine quarry dut for the final coat plastering and impervious layer
28. Suitability of beach sand as fine aggregate for concrete
29. Characteristics properties of concrete with mixed fibres using waste plastic and waste coiled steel fibres
30. Waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete with polymers-turning pollution to solution
31. Investigation on coiled fibre reinforced concrete with tile waste as coarse aggregate
32. Effect of microsilica-600 on the properties of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete
33. Concreting practices in belgaum - a case study
34. Comparative study of strength of welded mesh and expanded metal in ferrocement
35. Behaviour of filler slab in low cost housing
36. Study of geo-technical and strength parameters of laterite blocks in and around karkal talaq
37. Design and construction of folded ferrocement boat
38. Experimental study on utilization of silica fume in concrete
39. The strengths of recron 3s fibrous concrete with and without super plasticizers
40. Experimental study on utilization of blast furnace sl*g in concrete
41. Determination of aggregate shape factors using universal thickness-length guage
42. An experimental study on enhancement of strength of concrete embers using wrapping technology
43. A study on the use of rice husk ash in concrete from sustainability consideration
44. Mix design for self compacting concrete
45. Utilization of pozzolanic wastes in the production of wastes coiled fibre reinforced concrete
46. Use of recycled aggregates,waste plastic fibres and flyash in the production of bituminous mix for flexible pavements
47. Effective utilization of bauxite residue(red mud) in brick making
48. Fibre reinforced concrete and cocktail fibre reinforced concrete as repair materials
 
49. Experimental studies on mix proportioning and strength properties of pavement quality and lean concrete with high volume flyash
50. Study on blending of quarry dust in large volume for structural component available in udupi and d k
51. Study on utilisation of building materials from demolished structures
52. An experimental study on effect of ratio of different sized coarse aggregates on compressive strength of self compacting concrete
53. Sustanable and cost effective building material technology through partial replacement of
cement by granite cutting slurry waste powder and partial replacement of coarse aggregates by mangalore tile bats for arch lintels
54. Design and evaluation of high volume flyash concrete for rigid pavement overlays
55. Geopolymer mortar
56. Geopolymer concrete
57. Study on strength behaviour of concerte using foundry dust in fine aggregate
58. Enhancing the strength properties of recycled aggregate concrete through the use of supplimentary cementing materials
59. Experimental studies on air entrained ferrocement panels with high volume fly ash and compatibility of its connection
60. Rice husk ash concrete blocks
61. Mix design and strength characteristics of reactive powder concrete
62. Experimental study on resistance of self compacting concrete to elevated
temperature and verification of ratio of compressive strengths of cube to that of cylinder for scces
63. Waste of material in the construction industry


Other references
1. Neville, A.M. and Brooks, J.J.," CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY", ELBS .1990.
2. Neville, A.M., "PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE", PITMAN. 1983.
3. Brandt, A.M., "CEMENT BASED COMPOSITES: Materials, Mechanical Properties and Performance", E & FN Spon. 1995.
4. Newman, K., "CONCRETE SYSTEMS in COMPOSITE MATERIALS".EDT BY L.Holliday. Elsevier Publishing Company. 1966.
5. Powers, T.C., "THE PROPERTIES OF FRESH CONCRETE".JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. 1968.
6. Mehta, P.K., "CONCRETE Structure, Material and Properties" Prantice Hall Inc.1986.
7. Soroka, I., Portland Cement Paste And Concrete, Macmillan Press London 1979.
8. Newman, John & Choo, Ban Sang. "ADVANCED CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY - Constituent Materials" Elsevier 2003.
9. Newman, John & Choo, Ban Sang. "ADVANCED CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY - Concrete Properties" Elsevier 2003.
10. Newman, John & Choo, Ban Sang. "ADVANCED CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY - Testing and Quality" Elsevier 2003.
11. Wesche, K., "FLY ASH IN CONCRETE Properties and Performance." E & FN SPON 1991.
12. Malhotra, V.M. and Ramezaniaanpour, A.A., "FLY ASH IN CONCRETE", CANMET. 1994.
 
13. Popovics.S. "FUNDAMENTALS OF PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE: A Quantitative Approach VOL 1 FRESH CONCRETE" JOHN WILEY & SONS.1982.
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