CIVIL DIPLOMA 4TH SEMESTER SANITARY ENGINEERING

CIVIL DIPLOMA 4TH SEMESTER SANITARY ENGINEERING

 Course Title: SANITARY ENGINEERING Credits (L:T:P) : 4:0:0 Total Contact Hours: 52 Course Code: 15CE42T Type of Course: Lectures, Self Study & Student activities Credit :04 Core/ Elective: Core CIE- 25 Marks                                                                                                                            SEE- 100 Marks

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of environmental science, mathematics.

Course Objectives: It aims at enabling the student to understand the urban and rural sanitation.
1. Understand the need of sewage treatment and disposal of a city/town.

Course Outcomes: (CO’s)

On successful completion of this course, the student will be able to

 Course Outcome CL Linked PO Teaching Hrs CO1 Explain the concept of waste, types of sewage, sewerage system and appurtenances. Estimate the quantity of sewage of a town/city. R/U/A 1,2,3,5,6,8 06 CO2 Analyse the Sewage samples using standard                    test                    procedures          and understand the sewerage systems U/A 1,2,3,4,5,6, 10 08 CO3 Compute the quantity of storm water flow in different types of surface drains and appurtenances. U/A 2,4,5,6,10 10 CO4 Compare various methods of Sewage treatment and sewage/sludge disposal methods. U/A 2,3,5,6,7, 9,,10 14 CO5 Demonstrate                         the                         arrangement        of sanitary fittings in a building. U/A 2,4,5,6,8 06 CO6 Identify    the                 sources,                effects                 and preventive measures of air and noise pollution. U/A 1, 2,5,6,7,10 08 CO7 Suggested activity R/U/A/C 1 to 10 * Total sessions 52
Legend- R; Remember U: Understand Ap: Application Ay: Analysis C:Creation E:Evaluvation
*Related to Student activity beyond classroom hours.

Programme outcome Attainment Matrix

 Course Programme Outcome PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 WASTE WATER ENGINEERING 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 3
Method is to relate the level of PO with the number of hours devoted to the COs which address the given PO. If >40% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is addressed at Level 3
If 25 to 40% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is addressed at Level 2 If 5 to 25% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is addressed at Level 1
If < 5% of classroom sessions addressing a particular PO, it is considered that PO is considered not-addressed.

 UNIT COURSE CONTENT HOURS ALLOTTED 1 INTRODUCTION: Definition of sullage, sewage, sewerage, sewer, refuge, garbage. Aims and objectives of sewerage work, systems of refuge disposal and water carriage system. QUANTITY OF SEWAGE: Domestic and industrial sewage, volume of domestic sewage, variability of flow, limiting velocities- Self cleansing and Maximum velocities of sewer. Simple problems on design of sewers. 06 2 CHARACTERISTICS AND ANALYSIS OF SEWAGE: Strength of Sewage, Sampling of Sewage to analyze for Physical, Chemical and Biological Parameters. Decomposition of sewage. Analysis of Sewage - Significance of the following Tests for i) Solids ii) Dissolved Oxygen iii) B.O.D iv) C.O.D v) pH value vi) Chlorides vii) Nitrate SEWARAGE SYSTEMS: Types of Sewerage System and their Suitability - Separate, Combined and Partially Separate Systems Brief Description and Suitability of the following Types of Sewers Stoneware, Cast Iron, Cement Concrete, AC Pipes, Pre-Cast Sewers, PVC sewer (SWR grade), and laying of sewers 08 3 SURFACE AND STORM WATER DRAINAGE: Determination of Storm Water Flow, Run-Off Co-Efficient, Time of Concentration, Empirical Formulae for Run-Off Simple Problems on Design of Storm Water Sewers Ssystems. Surface Drains - Requirements, Shapes, Laying and Construction. (No Design) SEWERAGE APPURTENANCES: Brief description, Location, Function and Construction of Manholes, Drop Manholes, Inlets Catch Basin, Traps, Flushing Tanks, Regulators. 10

 4 SEWAGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL : Preliminary Treatment - Brief Description and Functions of - i) Screens ii) Skimming Tanks iii) Grit Chambers. Primary Treatment - Brief Description and Function of the Sedimentation and Septic Tanks Secondary Treatment - Brief Description of i) Trickling Filters ii) Activated Sludge Process Oxidation Ponds, Oxidation Ditches, Aerobic Lagoons, Anaerobic Lagoons, Rotary Biological Disc. Tertiary treatment – Activated sand filter and chlorination. Sewage Disposal- Dilution, Self purification of streams, factors affecting self purification. Disposal in Sea water, Disposal on Lands,. Recycle of wastewater(Grey water technology) Sludge treatment & Disposal - Sludge treatment & disposal methods. Sludge digestion tank, Sludge drying bed. 14 5 SANITATION IN BUILDINGS AND SANITARY FITTINGS Importance and Requirement of Building Drainage, General Lay- out of Sanitary Fittings and House Drainage Arrangements for Single and Multi- Storied Buildings as Per B.I.S Code of Practice. Dual pipe system. Sanitary Fittings- Water Closets, Flushing Cisterns, Urinals, Inspection Chambers, Traps, Anti-syphonage. Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of sanitary fittings. 6 6 AIR AND NOISE POLLUTION: Air Pollution –Definition, Causes and Classification of Air Pollutants. Effects of Pollution on Human Beings. Acid rain, Green house effect & Global warming, Ozone depletion. Prevention and control of Air Pollution, Cyclone Separator and ESP) Noise- Definition, Sources and measurement of noise, Effect of noise on human life and its control, Ambient air quality standards in respect of Noise, Legislations with respect to Air and Noise pollution. Environmental impact assessment: Aims &objectives of EIA Methodology of EIA, Environmental Impact statement (EIS). 8
Course Delivery: The course will be delivered through lectures and Power point presentations/ Video

à´·SUGGESTED STUDENT ACTIVITIES
The topic should be related to the course in order to enhance the student’s knowledge, practical skill, lifelong learning, communication, and modern tool usage.
1. Estimate total quantities of sewage generated from a locality and design the sewage discharge.
2. Visit nearby New layout under construction and collect details of sewerage system.
3. Visit Sewage Treatment Plant and collect details each unit operations for treatment of sewage and prepare the charts.
4. Visit nearby Certified Waste Water testing laboratories and identify various tests conducted on waste water.

5. For a given building identify various components of sanitary fixtures used for sewerage system.
6. To visit a nearby industry to collect details of sources and control of air pollution.
7. Prepare a mini project report for Sewerage System for a locality.
8. To conduct market survey of sanitary ware.
9. Visit any Industry and collect & study EIA report.
10. Prepare a report on Eco-toilets.
11. Prepare a report on Modern septic tanks using biogas.
12. study of municipal sludge as a building material
13. A study on solid waste management in your city
14. Performance studies of oxidation ponds
15. Conservation by waste water reclamation
16. A study on performance of existing treatment plant of diary waste and improvement of treatment units
17. Treatment and reuse of automobile service station wastewater for vegetation
18. Laboratory study of migration of contaminants through soil column
19. Solid waste management for your town
20. A study on handling collection and utilization of city refuse
21. Characterizing analysis of textile mill effluent and its impact on receiving bodies
22. Solid waste management- a case study of a city
23. Impact of industrial solid wastes on soil and sub-surface water
24. Effects due to untreated disposal of municipal sewage
25. Quality study of sewage in your district
26. Treatability studies of dairy effluent using anaerobic filter
27. Soil-industrial effluent interaction and their engineering behaviour
28. Study of heavy metals in river
29. Treatment of sugar waste using anaerobic filter
30. Analysis of performance of the existing sewage treatment plant at hospital
31. Medical waste management.
32. Solid waste management of city municipality
33. Evaluation of treatment plant efficiency using toxicity index-a case study of textile industries
34. Electronics waste management (computer & its accessories) for in city
35. Identification and investigation of solid waste dumping site

NOTE:
1. Students should select any one of the above or other topics relevant to the subject approved by the concerned faculty, individually or in a group of 3 to 5. Students should mandatorily submit a written report and make a presentation on the topic. The task should not be repeated among students. Report will be evaluated by the faculty as per rubrics. Weightage for 5  marks Internal Assessment shall be as follows: (Unsatisfactory 1, Developing 2, Satisfactory 3, Good4, Exemplary5)
2. Reports should be made available along with bluebooks to IA verification officer

Example of model of rubrics / criteria for assessing student activity

 Dimension Students score (Group of five students) Rubric Scale Unsatisfactory 1, Developing 2, Satisfactory 3, Good 4,Exemplary5 1.Literature 1 2.Fulfill team’s roles & duties 4 3.Conclusion 3 4.Convensions 5 Total 13 Average=(Total /4) 3.25=4 Note: Concerned faculty (Course coordinator) must devise appropriate rubrics/criteria for assessing Student activity for 5 marks One activity to attain last CO (course outcome) may be given to a group of FIVE students

Note: Dimension should be chosen related to activity and evaluated by the course faculty

 Dimension Rubric Scale 1 Unsatisfactory 2 Developing 3 Satisfactory 4 Good 5 Exemplary 1.Literature Has not included relevant info Has included few relev ant info Has included some relev ant info Has included many relev ant info Has included all relevant info needed 2.Fulfill team’s roles & duties Does not perform any duties assigned Performs very little duties Performs partial duties Performs nearly all duties Performs all duties of assigned team roles 3.Communication Poor Less Effective Partially effective Effective Most Effective 4.Convensions Frequent Error More Error Some Error Occasional Error No Error
Course Assessment and Evaluation Scheme:

 What To whom When/Where (Frequency in the course) Max Mark s Evidence collected Course outcomes CIE IA Student s Thrice test (Average of three tests) Test 1 20 Blue books CO1,CO2 Test 2 CO3,CO4 Test 3 CO5, CO6 Student Activities 05 Written Report CO7 SEE End Exam End of the course 100 Answer scripts    at BTE 1,2,3,4,5,6 Student Feedback                      on course Student s Middle of the course Feedback forms 1 & 2 Delivery of course End of Course Survey End of the course Questionn aires 1,2,3, 4 & 5, 6, 7 Effectiveness of Delivery of instructions & Assessment Methods
*CIE – Continuous Internal Evaluation *SEE – Semester End Examination
Note: I.A. test shall be conducted for 20 marks. Average marks of three tests shall be rounded off to the next higher digit.

Questions for CIE and SEE will be designed to evaluate the various educational components such as:

 Sl. No Bloom’s taxonomy % in Weightage 1 Remembering and Understanding 47 2 Applying the knowledge acquired from the course 50 3 Analysis 2 4 Synthesis ( Creating new knowledge) 0 5 Evaluation 0

Weightage of Marks and blue print of marks for SEE

 Unit Major Topics Questions to be set for SEE A* B* Cognitive Levels R U Ap Ay C E 1 Introduction , quantity of sewage 6 35% 65% 0% 0% 0% 0% 17 12 1 1 6 11 0 0 0 0 2 Characteristics, analysis of sewage and sewerage system 8 0% 23% 65% 12% 0% 0% 23 16 2 1 0 5 15 3 0 0 3 Sanitation in buildings and sanitary fittings. 10 0% 35% 65% 0% 0% 0% 28 20 1 3 0 10 18 0 0 0 4 Sewage treatment ,and disposal 14 0% 38% 62% 0% 0% 0% 40 27 2 3 0 15 25 0 0 0 5 Surface and storm water drainage and sewerage appurtenances, 6 0% 33% 60% 0% 0% 0% 17 12 1 1 0 7 10 0 0 0 6 Air and noise pollution 7 25% 25% 50% 0% 0% 0% 20 14 2 1 5 5 10 0 0 0 Total 51 10% 37% 50% 2% 0% 0% 145 100 9 10 11 53 78 3 0 0

Legend- R; Remember U: Understand Ap: Application Ay: Analysis C:Creation E:Evaluvation
A*-SEE QUESTIONS TO BE SET FOR (05MARKS ) in PART – A B*- SEE QUESTIONS TO BE SET FOR (10MARKS) in PART – B

Note to IA verifier: The following documents to be verified by CIE verifier at the end of semester
1. Blue books( 20 marks)
2. Student suggested activities report for 5 marks and should be assessed on RUBRICS
3. Student feedback on course regarding Effectiveness of Delivery of instructions & Assessment Methods.

 TEXT BOOKS & REFERENCES
1. Water Supply & Sanitary Engineering- by Rangwala .
2. Sewage Disposal and Air pollution - by S.K.Garg.
3. Water Supply & Sanitary Engineering- by G.S.Birde .
4. Environmental Science and Engg Vol-I – by Aloka Debi. (Universities Press)
5. Sanitary Engineering Vol-II - by Gurucharan Singh.
6. Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Vol-II.– by Fair & Geir.
7. Text Book of Environmental studies – Erach Bharucha (Universities Press)
8. Water Supply, Waste Disposal and Environmental Pollution Engineering-(khanna publication) A.k.chatterjee
9. Waste water Engineering by Dr B.C. Punmia, Jain & Jain