### POWER PLANT ENGINEERING | Mathematics, Thermodynamics | Mechanics of machines | Work shop technology | Fluid mechanics and machinery | mechanical engineering || DIPLOMA 5th and 6th Semester

 Course Title: POWER PLANT ENGINEERING Scheme (L:T:P) : 4:0:0 Total Contact Hours: 52 Course Code: 15ME63B Type of Course: Lectures, Self Study & Quiz Credit :04 Core/ Elective: Elective CIE: 25 Marks                                                                                                                SEE:100 Marks Prerequisites: Knowledge of Mathematics, Thermodynamics, Mechanics of machines, Work shop technology, Fluid mechanics and machinery. Course Objectives:

Apply knowledge of mechanical engineering related to power generation systems, their control and economics in different type of power plants for their operation and maintenance.

Course Outcomes:

On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to attain CO:

 Course Outcome CL Linked PO Teaching Hrs CO1 Analyze economics of power plants and list factors affecting the power plants and interpret the performance of power plants based on load variations R/U 2 05 CO2 Identify elements and their functions of, hydro power plants. R/U/A 2 10 CO3 Identify elements and their functions and operations of steam power plants. R/U/A 2 10 CO4 Identify elements and their functions and  operations  of                        nuclear and gas turbine power plants R/U/A 2 10 CO5 Identify elements and their functions and  operations  of                        Solar, wind and diesel power plants R/U/A 2 09 CO6 Know the Social and Economical issues of power plants R/U 2,5,6,7 08 Total sessions 52

Legend: R: Remember U: Understand A: Application

1

COURSE CONTENT AND BLUE PRINT OF MARKS FOR SEE

 Unit No Unit Name Hour Questions to be set for SEE/Marks Marks weightage weightage (%) R U A 1 INTRODUCTION & ECONOMICS OF POWER PLANT 05 5 5 - 10 7 2 HYDRO POWER PLANT 10 5 10 15 30 21 3 THERMAL POWER PLANT 10 5 10 10 25 17 4 NUCLEAR POWER PLANT & GAS TURBINE POWER PLANTS 10 10 10 10 30 21 5 SOLAR, WIND AND DIESEL POWER PLANTS. 09 5 15 10 30 21 6 PLANT SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF POWER PLANT 08 5 15 - 20 13 Total 52 35 65 45 145 100

Legend: R; Remember, U: Understand A: Application

Power plant-Introduction, Classification - Location of power plant- Choice of Power plant- Terminology used in power plant: Peak load, Base load, Load factor, Load curve, demand factor- Various factor affecting the operation of power plant- Load sharing- cost of power- tariff methods-factors involved in fixing of a tariff.

Hydro electric power plant- Introduction, storage and poundage, Selection of sites for hydro electric power plant-General layout and essential elements of Hydro electric power plant and its working-Classification of the plant- base load plant, peak load plant, Run off river plant, storage river plant, pumped storage plant, mini and micro hydel plants, governing of

hydraulic turbines-impulse turbine- reaction turbine, selection of turbines, Advantages and disadvantages-limitations of hydro electric power plant.

Thermal power plant -General layout – working-Site Selection–materials required for thermal power plants, coal handling and its methods, stages in coal storage, Fuel burning-Stoker firing-overfeed stoker –under feed stokers-chain grate stoker, Pulverized fuel handling system-unit and central system, Pulverization of coal-Ball mill, Ash handling system- Gravity system- electrostatic precipitation (ESP) system-Feed water treatment- Mechanical method, Advantages and disadvantages-limitations of Thermal power plant.

UNITIV: NUCLEAR POWER PLANT & GAS TURBINE POWER PLANTS 10 HRS

Nuclear power plant-introduction-nuclear fuels, nuclear fission and fusion, working of a nuclear power plant, types of reactors- pressurized water reactor- boiling water reactor, effects of nuclear radiation, different methods for nuclear waste disposal-low, medium and high level waste disposal, Advantages -disadvantages- limitations.

Gas turbine power plant- Schematic diagram & working of open and closed cycle gas turbine power plant, Components of Gas turbine–compressor, combustion chamber, gas turbine, vortex blading, gas turbine fuels, Gas turbine power plants in India - Namrup & Uran gas turbine power plants. Advantages -disadvantages- limitations of Gas turbine power plant

Solar power plant-introduction-layout, Solar cell fundamentals & classification – maximum power point tracker (MPPT) and solar panel.

Wind power plant: introduction, -Factors affecting distribution of Wind energy, Variation of wind speed with height and time-Horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT)-types of rotors- Vertical axis wind turbine- types of rotors- Wind energy conversion system (WECS) advantages and disadvantages-limitations of Wind power plant.

Social and Economical issues of power plant- Oxides of sulphur- oxides of carbon-oxides of nitrogen, Acid precipitation-Acid rain- acid snow- Dry deposition-acid fog, green house effect, air and water pollution from thermal power plants and its control, Thermal pollution from thermal power plants, noise pollution and its control, natural and artificial radio activity- nuclear power and environment- radiations from nuclear power plant effluents- high level wastes- methods to reduce pollution, global warming- its effects and control, standardization for environmental pollution.

®TEXT BOOKS AND REFERENCE BOOKS

 Sl.No. Title of Books Author Publication 1. Power plant engineering Arora and Domkundwar Dhanpat rai & CO (P) LTD 2. Power plant engineering P. K. Nag McGraw Hill 3. Power plant engineering G. R. Nagpal Khanna publishers 4. Power Plant Engineering. Dr. P. C. Sharma S. K. Kataria 5. A Text Book of Power Plant Engineering. R K Rajput Laxmi Publications, 6 Power plant technology M.M. EL-Wakil McGraw Hill 7 Power Plant Engineering. C. Elanchezhian, L. Saravanakumar, B. Vijaya Ramnath I.K. International Publishing House 8 Power Station Engineering and Economy. Bernhardt G A Sarotzki, William A Vopat Tata Mc Graw Hill 9 Nuclear Power Plant Engineering. James H. Rust Haralson Publishing Company 10 Steam power plant engineering. Louis Allen Harding J. Wiley & Sons, inc 11 Power Plant Engineering A K Raja, Amit Prakash Srivastava and Manish Dwivedi New age international Publishers

LIST OF SOFTWARES/ LEARNING WEBSITES:

i.  http://nptel.ac.in/courses/112105051/

vii.  http://www.cleanlineenergy.com/technology/wind-and-solar

 UNIT NO UNIT NAME STARATEGIES 1 Introduction & economics of power plant Videos, Presentations, Discussions 2 Hydro power plant Videos,    Presentations,    Industrial    Visits, Demonstration, 3 Thermal power plant Videos,    Presentations,    Industrial    Visits, Demonstration, 4 Nuclear power plant & gas turbine power plants Videos, Presentations, Industrial Visits, Demonstration 5 Solar, wind and diesel power plants. Videos,    Presentations,    Industrial                Visits, Demonstration, 6 Plant safety and environmental impact of power plant Videos,    Presentations,    Industrial                Visits, Demonstration,

SUGGESTED LIST OF STUDENT ACTIVITYS

Note: the following activities or similar activities for assessing CIE (IA) for 5 marks (Any one)

Ã¥         Each student should do any one of the following type activity or similar activity related to the course and before take up, get it approved from concerned Teacher and HOD.

Ã¥         Each student should conduct different activity and no repeating should occur

 1 Prepare list of various major power plants installed in Karnataka along with their total capacity. 2 Prepare charts of different high pressure boilers, gas turbine cycles, steam turbine power plant, wind turbine power plant, solar power plant, etc. on half imperial drawing sheet. Attach the same with term work. 3 Visit websites of NTPC, BHEL,, NHPC, NPCIL, GEDA, SUZLON, GE, SIEMENS, ENERCON and KPC etc and find out the technical information about their machineries or Plants. 4 Download technical specifications/ catalogues, videos or any other suitable presentations on gas turbine power plant 5 Download technical specifications/ catalogues, videos or any other suitable presentations on Hydro power plant. 6 Visit diesel power plant available in your institute/ nearer to your institute and understand different elements, working, circuits, and specifications.

 What To who m When/Where (Frequency in the course) Max Marks Evidence collected Course outcomes Direct Assessment CIE IA Students Three IA tests(Average of three tests will be computed) 20 Blue books 1,2,3,4,5,6 Student activities 05 Activity sheets 1,2,3,4,5,6 SEE End Exam End of the course 100 Answer scripts at BTE 1,2,3,4,5,6 Indirect Assessment Student Feedback on course Students Middle of the course Feedback forms 1,2,3 Delivery of course End of Course Survey End of the course Questionnaires 1,2,3,4,5,6 Effectiveness of Delivery of instructions & Assessment Methods

CIE- Continuous Internal Evaluation      SEE- Semester End Examination

Note: I.A. test shall be conducted for 20 marks. Average marks of three tests shall be rounded off to the next higher digit.

Note to IA verifier: The following documents to be verified by CIE verifier at the end of semester

1.       Blue books ( 20 marks)

2.       Student suggested activities report for 5 marks evaluated through appropriate rubrics.

3.       Student feedback on course regarding Effectiveness of Delivery of instructions & Assessment Methods

Ã¥    MODEL OF RUBRICS /CRITERIA FOR ASSESSING STUDENT ACTIVITY           RUBRICS MODEL

 RUBRICS FOR ACTIVITY( 5 Marks) Dimension Unsatisfactory Developing Satisfactory Good Exemplary Student Score 1 2 3 4 5 Collection of data Does not collect any information relating to the topic Collects very limited information; some relate to the topic Collect much information; but very limited relate to the topic Collects some basic information; most refer to the topic Collects a great deal of information; all refer to the topic Ex: 4 Fulfill team’s roles & duties Does not perform any duties assigned to the team role Performs very little duties but unreliable. Performs very little duties Performs nearly all duties Performs all duties of assigned team roles 5 Shares work equally Always relies on others to do the work Rarely does the assigned work; often needs reminding Usually does the assigned work; rarely needs reminding Normally does the assigned work Always does the assigned work without having to be reminded. 3 Listen to other Team mates Is always talking; never allows anyone else to speak Usually does most of the talking; rarely allows others to speak Talks good; but never show interest in listening others Listens, but sometimes talk too much Listens and speaks a fair amount 2 Average / Total marks=(4+5+3+2)/4=14/4=3.5=4

Note: This is only an example. Appropriate rubrics/criteria may be devised by the concerned faculty (Course Coordinator) for assessing the given activity.

Note to IA verifier: The following documents to be verified by CIE verifier at the end of semester

4.       Blue books ( 20 marks)

5.       Student suggested activities report for 5 marks

6.       Student feedback on course regarding Effectiveness of Delivery of instructions & Assessment Method